No Person on Planet Earth Is Without
Faith Is the Unavoidable Cosmological Position
(Everywhere on this website and in reality, it should be remembered
that faith and belief are synonyms. “Believe” is the verb form of faith.
Thus, the English language has not helped in our understanding of
belief, as these three words are not often linked and sometimes defined
Perhaps the most deceit that can be found in philosophers is their
presentation of a conflict between faith and reason. I could
graciously assume that they are just ignorant of what faith means, but
surely not, for they are “lovers of wisdom,” and as such use the tool of
philosophy known as definitions.
Simply, where does one start to think? Descartes said, “I think,
therefore I am.” That he is able to think is an assumption. How does he
know? He has done no epistemology nor cosmology before that statement.
He has offered no proof of the statement. Further, how does he jump from
“I think” to “I am.” He has proved no relationship between thinking and
existence. A rock on a hillside “exists,” but it does not think.
The country bumpkin is quite willing to give his opinions on God,
religion, politics, and sexual morality. Where does he get these ideas?
While he might not reason as carefully as the professional philosopher,
nevertheless, given the opportunity to be President of the United
States, he would surely implement his ideas authoritatively over
How does the person with a gun to his head intent to commit suicide
reason that life is not worth living? Most people might say that suicide
is a form of insanity, but if one cannot prove by the most sophisticated
philosophical reasoning, as Jean Paul Sartre could not, maybe suicide is
the only rational thing to do.
Simply, every person starts his thinking somewhere. Now, that
most basic first principle may be buried under layers of other
assumptions, life experience, teaching of others, and even wishful
thinking. But there is a first, second, third, and nth list of
principles that cause a person to think the way that they do.
Most people reading this article probably would not argue that the
majority of individuals have little or no system to their thinking. And
I would not argue that one of the most desired ends of philosophy is to
lead people to think more clearly and systematically.
The fact that most people have no system to their thinking
demonstrates that they have no basis upon which to state their ideas
with the force that they do (as our country bumpkin above). That is,
given the power to do so, they would govern the lives of as many as are
placed under their jurisdiction.
(1) Without demonstrable reasoning, they are acting on faith: a
jumble of ideas that have come from every avenue of life in which they
have had contact. And these ideas are quite forceful, governing this
one person, perhaps his family, and anyone else under his authority.
(2) Given enough time, interest, and pursuit, every person could
analyze their way to their most basic principles. Likely, these
would be several in number: the rules and reasons of their parents,
school teachers, and other influential people in their lives. Often,
these principles would be simply assumed in their minds as truth. Over
the years, these principles accumulate in an unorganized manner to
become the rules for the person himself.
The point is that however far one goes back, there will be first
principles. These will be assumed, not reasoned out. Assumptions
without proof are by definition principles of faith. I defy any
reader to start at any level without a faith principle. Even the
empiricists and evidentialists start with the unproven, “facts speak for
Thus, at the level of conscious interactions with the world and
its ideas, faith rules. At the foundations of one’s ideas are first
principles or beliefs. Beliefs precede reason, always. If then,
beliefs precede reason, then belief determines the truth that a person
This position is well known in the syllogisms of logic. One can make
a valid inference from false propositions. The conclusion is valid, but
is false. What determines the truth of the propositions? Reality.
What is Reality? We are back to cosmology and metaphysics:
assumptions (belief principles) about the universe. Faith is
inescapably foundational to all systems of thought and any
considerations of truth.
For the application of faith to the supposed "hard" sciences,
see Science Is As Faith-based As Any